“The new ULP products are recommended for applications in which a high flow rate, moderate salt rejection and low power consumption are the primary design parameters. Fields of application therefore are the cost-efficient filtration of drinking water and high-tech wastewater treatment,” says Alexander Scheffler, director membrane business in the LANXESS Liquid Purification Technologies business unit (LPT). “Our customers are so impressed with the performance profile that we already have received numerous pre-orders,” he adds.
Eliminating trace elements cost-efficiently at low operating pressuresSynthetic organic substances, known as trace elements, can be found in bodies of water in concentrations of a few nanograms to a maximum of a few micrograms per liter. Originating for instance from drugs, household chemicals, industrial chemicals, cosmetic products and crop protection agents, they are introduced into the water system by household and industrial wastewater.
The product designation “ULP” stands for “Ultra Low Pressure,” because the advantage of these membranes is their ability to remove such organic compounds almost entirely even at low operating pressures. “Drinking water systems process tremendous volumes of surface water often on a daily basis. Therefore, to minimize investment costs, it is desirable to have a membrane that displays high water permeability and thus a high flow rate, like those in our Lewabrane RO ULP line,” explains Scheffler.
To reduce the formation of organic deposits – i.e. typical biofouling – in wastewater, the ULP membrane uniquely has the most hydrophilic surface of all the Lewabrane product grades. Thanks to this hydrophilic behavior, a thin, protective film of water forms on the membrane surface, which reduces the adsorption of organic substances.
The ASD feed spacers, which are inserted in the membrane elements to create space between their surfaces for flowing water, also reduce fouling. They have an alternating strand design (ASD), comprising filaments of different thickness, which cause uniform overflow and thus counteract biofouling. This lowers operating costs because fewer cleaning chemicals are required and the interval between cleanings can be extended.
Mounting an anti-telescoping device (ATD) during assembly of the Lewabrane membrane elements at Lanxess, Bitterfeld production site. These end caps protect the elements in operation against deformation. Photo: Lanxess AG