Lightweight construction and Class A surfaces for the automotive industryIn cooperation with tool specialist GK Concept and injection molding machine manufacturer Yizumi, HRSflow has developed and optimized a hot runner system for the production of an engine cover, using the FLEXflow One technology. This servo-electric valve gate solution, which is programmed using an external Smart Interface and therefore requires no additional control unit, combines maximum precision with a broad process window and attractive cost efficiency. In the production of the large-sized component, an aluminum foil only 0.2 mm thick is first inserted into the mold and punched into shape during the closing process. Subsequently, the foil is thermoformed during overmolding with a glass fiber-reinforced polyamide using a FLEXflow hot runner system and physical foaming technology. During this back injection phase, in-mold graining (IMG) takes place, in which the fine texture of the mold is transferred both to the foil and to the polymer surface. The resulting part combines light weight with very high dimensional stability, low warpage and a premium surface without visible weld lines.
A FLEXflow five-nozzle hot runner system is used for the production of the automotive spoiler also shown on the exhibition stand. A polypropylene (PP) from A. Schulman, filled with 3M's hollow micro glass spheres, enables weight savings of up to 15% compared to the unfilled version. Thanks to FLEXflow technology, which ensures a more homogeneous pressure distribution in the cavity, the glass microsphere survival ratio is increased with even better distribution. The result is a lightweight component with no visible weld lines that meets the highest requirements for mechanical properties and surface quality.
Another lightweight automotive exhibit is a center armrest that is manufactured in a multi-stage process. Development partners in the realization of this project were the injection molding machine manufacturer KraussMaffei and the US toolmaker ProperTooling. The load-bearing structure is created from a thin-walled, fiber-reinforced organosheet, using the FiberForm process developed by KraussMaffei. First of all, this is over-molded with polypropylene (PP) and finally with a thermoplastic elastomer (TPV), whereby a soft, finely grained visual surface is formed. Injection molding is carried out with two FLEXflow hot runner systems with two (first phase) or three (second phase) hot runner nozzles. The servo-electrically driven, individually controlled valve pins ensure optimum cavity filling and enhance process reliability and cost effectiveness.