A recent study by the Swiss consultancy Prognos showed that 2 7% of the EU Kyoto target for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions could be saved if all waste currently going to landfill was to be diverted flexibly to recycling and energy recovery.
The best results were achieved without specific targets but with full flexibility to explore recycling and energy recovery where it best served the specific waste stream. In addition to saving GHG emissions, diversion from landfill contributes to increased resource efficiency and energy security while reducing littering.
One important observation from figure is that countries with high recovery rates do well on both recycling and energy recovery. We can therefore confidently state that a strategy including energy recovery is not contradictory to achieving good recycling results. It simply illustrates that a complete resource management strategy needs to address both, as no country will be able to recycle all post-consumer waste.
The other observation that can be drawn is that whilst recycling performance is fairly similar across most of the EU27+NO/CH countries there are huge differences in the utilisation of energy recovery. Countries which have high dependence on landfill must not only exploit their full recycling potential but rapidly expand their energy-fromwaste network.
The progress of the diversion from landfill is slow on average with recycling (mechanical+ feedstock) across EU27+NO/CH increasing from 1 9.5% in 2 006 to 2 0.4% in 2007 while energy recovery remained stable at 2 9.2%.
Strong efforts will be required in many Member States to capture the full potential offered by a diversion from landfill strategy, namely GHG emission savings, enhanced resource efficiency and energy security and the avoiding of landfill penalties.